Unit 10 grade 10: Ecotourism – Reading
Go green (Go Green)
1. Task 1 Unit 10 Grade 10 Reading
Look at the tourist map of Costa Rica, a country in Central America. Work with a partner. Discuss what tourists can do or see in Costa Rica. (Look at the tourist map of Costa Rica, a country in Central America. Work with your friend. Discuss what tourists can do and see in Costa Rica.)
Guide to answer
Tourists can swim in the sea, visit marine national parks, see the volcanoes, watch the monkeys in national parks, visit the beautiful beaches…
(Tourists can go swimming in the sea, visit the marine national park, see the volcano, watch the monkeys in the national park, visit the beautiful beaches…)
2. Task 2 Unit 10 Grade 10 Reading
Read two opinions about ecotourism. Choose the best title for them. (Read 2 ecotourism options. Choose the best title for them.)
Guide to answer
b. Pros and Cons of Ecotourism
Advantages and disadvantages of ecotourism
Marco, an environmentalist from Costa Rica:
People travel more these days. Massive tourism has contributed to the destruction of the environment. More and more hotels were built while forests and beaches were destroyed. Much garbage from hotels and vehicles is also released into the water and air. I think ecotourism can solve this problem because it is sustainable and made for the purpose of enjoying nature. Although relatively new, ecotourism is developing rapidly. Money from ecotourism goes back to nature. How did this happen? The local government uses the money to preserve the national park and the various flora and fauna found here. Tour guides and tourist flyers guide visitors to protect the environment. Visitors enjoy the beauty of wildlife without harming them. They live with local families instead of hotels and learn about the culture and lifestyle here.
Pablo, a farmer from Costa Rica:
Costa Rica is one of the best ecotourism destinations in the world. We have beautiful beaches, dense rainforests, interesting volcanoes and exotic wildlife. Local authorities and tour guides tell us that ecotourism is good for us, but the truth is that I really don’t know what it is. But I know when tourists come here, there’s more work for us and I can make more money. However, there are also bad things. We have to change our way of life. To please the tourists, we had to change the usual cricket food to their taste and adapt the dances and traditions to suit their needs.
3. Task 3 Unit 10 Grade 10 Reading
Match these words with their meanings. (Match these words with their meanings.)
Guide to answer
1 – E: discharge = release (Pour out = release, release)
2 – C: fauna = all the animals living int he area (trousers dynamic body animals = all animals spipes in an area)
3 – A: flaura = all the plants of a partivular place (trousers vegetation = all the trees of a particular area)
4 – B: exotic = exciting and unusual (pretty weird = interesting and unusual)
5 – D: adpat = change in order to be suitable for the new situations (prefer doubt = change to suit new situations)
4. Task 4 Unit 10 Grade 10 Reading
With a partner, make a list of the positive and negative effects of ecotourism according to the two speakers. (Do with your friend, make a list of the positive and negative effects of ecotourism according to two speakers.)
Guide to answer
Positive effects: More money for local government to preserve nature; tourists’ awareness of how to protect the environment; more jobs and higher income for local people.
Negative effects: changing local people’s way of life.
Positive impact: More money for local government to conserve nature; visitors’ awareness of how to protect the environment; more jobs and higher income for local people.
Negative impact: change the lifestyle of local people.
5. Task 5 Unit 10 Grade 10 Reading
Who may say these things? Tick (v) the appropriate boxes. (Who can say these things? Tick (v) the appropriate box.)
1. Ecotourism can benefit local people.
2. Ecotourism can solve the problem of pollution.
3. Ecotourism can change the lifestyle of local people.
4. To build hotels, people destroy forests.
5. Tourists learn how to protect the environment.
6. Ecotourism is something I don’t understand very well.
7. I understand ecotourism and its benefits very well.
6. Task 6 Unit 10 Grade 10 Reading
Do you agree with Marco that ecotourism can truly solve the problem of pollution? Think about what happens to the environment when there are more visitors to a destination. (Do you agree with Marco that ecotourism can really solve the problem of pollution? Think about what happens to the environment when many visitors come to a place.)
Guide to answer
I agree. The money from ecotourism may be used to preserve nature. However, the local people have to use up their resources (such as energy sources, food and water) to provide good services for tourists. More tourists mean more vehicles, more water and food consumption, and more waste. Even though the discharge of waste and consumption of nature resources by tourists are minimised, air, water and noise pollution is undesirable.
I agree. Money from eco-tourists can be used to conserve nature. However, local people must utilize their resources (such as energy, food and water) to provide good service to visitors. More visitors means more vehicles, more water and food used, and more waste. Although the waste disposal and use of natural resources by tourists are minimized, air, water and noise pollution are unavoidable.
7. Practice Task 1
Read the passage below and decide whether the statements are TRUE or FALSE?
According to the Academic Ranking of World Universities, more than 30 of the highest-ranked 45 institutions are in the United States, as measured by awards and research output. Public universities, private universities, liberal arts colleges, and community colleges all have a significant role in higher education in the United States. An even stronger pattern is shown by the Webometrics Ranking of World Universities with 103 US universities in the World’s Top 200 universities.
The 2006 American Community Survey conducted by the United States Census Bureau found that 19.5 percent of the population had attended college but had no degree, 7.4 percent held an associate’s degree, 17.1 percent held a bachelor’s degree, and 9.9 percent held a graduate or professional degree .
Educational attainment in the United States is similar to that of other developed countries. Colleges and universities in the US vary in terms of goals: some may emphasize a vocational, business, engineering, or technical curriculum while others may emphasize a liberal arts curriculum. Many combine some or all of the above. Students can apply to some colleges using the Common Application. There is no limit to the number of colleges or universities to which a student may apply, though an application must be submitted for each.’
Question 1: More than 30 of the highest-ranked 45 institutions are in the United States, as measured by awards and research output.
Question 2: The Webometrics Ranking of World Universities with 100 US universities in the World’s Top 200 universities.
Question 3: 20 percent of the population had attended college but had no degree
Question 4: Educational attainment in the United States is similar to that of other developed countries.
Question 5: Colleges and universities in the US similar in terms of goals
8. Practice Task 2
Choose the letter A, B, C or D to complete the passage below
The Internet was born (6) _________scientists attempted to connect the American Defense Network to other satellite networks in (7) _________to exchange information. Soon, scientific and educational institutions as well as research departments became interested (8) _________ linking up, and, before long, the Internet had expanded into an international information and communication network.
The Internet now (9) _________ all the countries in the world. You can be connected to the Internet directly through your own computer or you can hook up to (10) _________ access system which allows you to use some of the Internet’s services.
Question 6: A. what B. where C. when D. who
Question 7: A. in view B. in order C. in regard D. in as
Question 8: A. in B. on C. of D. with
Question 9: A. lies B. comes C. spreads D. prays
Question 10: A. a B. an C. the D. x
Through this lesson, you need to read the article, complete the exercises and memorize the following vocabulary:
- discharge /dɪsˈtʃɑːdʒ/ (v) : to discharge, to discharge
- fauna /ˈfɔːnə/ (n): fauna
- flora /ˈflɔːrə/(n): flora
- adapt /əˈdæpt/ (v): to adapt, to adapt
- exotic /ɪɡˈzɒtɪk/ (adj) : brought in from abroad; strangely beautiful