Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 36 to 42.
What was, just a few days ago, the object of eager speculation among British children has become a reality. Schools are shut. For an unspecified period, learning will take place at home, except for a minority of pupils who are deemed to be vulnerable, or whose parents are key workers. Closing schools was a necessary step that should have been taken sooner, as it was in other countries. Across the world, school is part of the rhythm of life – for parents and teachers as well as pupils. Because of coronavirus, an estimated 800 million children globally are now having their education interrupted.
Some may welcome this, at least at first. Nobody wants to catch Covid-19, or be responsible for spreading it. With British schooling in preparation for primary school SATs, GCSEs and A-levels, lessons can be more like drills than investigations. Some parents have already begun sharing plans (and jokes) about homeschooling. However, most parents will feel less well equipped to teach older children.
The social impact of being separated from peers also varies for different age groups. Almost all children, including some who find school difficult, benefit from the social experiences that it offers. But for teenagers, whose emotional development requires them to become more separate from their parents and carers, being forced back into the family nest carries particular stresses.
But economic inequality will be the biggest variable between the experiences of British children over the next few months. In any society, school is a leveller. When they are there, pupils share the same spaces, lessons, menus and teachers. At home, children of well-off parents invariably live in bigger houses, are more likely to have their own bedrooms, two parents rather than one to support them, and better access to technology as well as books and other learning resources, and food.
We must do our best over the coming months, and no one should begrudge those who are looking forward to lessons or weekday lunches with their children. But during this particular period, the government should do everything in its power to ensure that more vulnerable children and families do not lose out. When things get back to normal, anyone who have fallen behind must be helped to catch up.
(Adapted from www.theguardian.com)
Question 36: Which is the most suitable title for the passage?
A. Life without School: Not a Level Playing Field
B. Homeschooling: You’ve Missed the Boat
C. Life at School: No Pain No Gain
D. In Praise Of Homeschooling
Question 37: The word “deemed” in paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to ____________
A. considered B. persuaded C. affected D. chosen
Question 38: According to paragraph 2, why does the idea of school closure seem appealing at first?
A. Because lessons at school have become unnecessary
B. Because most students haven’t been well-prepared for the coming exams
C. Because parents hope to have more time with their children
D. Because people are unwilling to put their well-being at risk
Question 39: The word “them” in paragraph 3 refers to ____________
A. teenagers B. experiences C. carers D. stresses
Question 40: The word “invariably” in paragraph 4 is closest in meaning to ____________
A. certainly B. changeably C. doubtfully D. variously
Question 41: According to the passage, which of the following would best facilitate homeschooling?
A. Families’ wealth B. Teenagers’ separation from peers
C. Teachers’ expertise D. Parents’ working experience
Question 42: Which statement is TRUE, according to the passage?
A. British schools are considering closure on account of Covid-19.
B. Children whose parents work in important industries are more vulnerable.
C. In any particular school, children have equal access to learning resources. D. Modem parents believe they are in a good position to teach their offspring.