Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 31 to 35.
Our lives are full of cardboard. The packaging of certain things we buy, from food products to electrical goods, is made of cardboard. In the UK, over 8 million tons of the stuff is produced every year just for packaging. It makes the things we buy more expensive, too. On average, 16% of the money we spend on a product is for the packaging. And where does the packaging usually end up? In the bin, of course, but hopefully that’s the recycling bin not the rubbish bin!
Recycling cardboard is much more efficient than producing it in the first place. It takes 24% less energy and produces 50% less sulphur dioxide to recycle it. Recycled cardboard has some remarkable uses, too. Obviously, it ends up as packaging again, but it is also used as a building material. It isn’t as expensive as traditional materials and it is often more accessible. Some innovative and environmentally friendly designers are actually using it to make furniture and buildings.
One such person is Japanese architect Shigeru Ban, who designed wonderful emergency shelters made of cardboard tubes. The first people to use these were the survivors of the appalling earthquake in Kobe, Japan, in 1995. Since then, they have been used in other places around the world after terrible natural disasters. Perhaps Ban’s most outstanding design is his cardboard cathedral in Christchurch, New Zealand. His modern, eco-friendly cathedral for up to 700 people is a temporary replacement for the ancient cathedral that was damaged in the earthquake in February 2011 .
(Adapted from “Achievers B1” by Helen Halliwell)
Question 31: Which could be the best title of the passage?
A. Cardboard – A Traditional Building Material
B. The Future of Packaging in the UK
C. Japanese Modem Architecture
D. A Building Material for the Future
Question 32: The phrase “the stuff” in paragraph 1 refers to ____________
A. food products B. cardboard C. packaging D. electrical goods
Question 33: The word “innovative” in paragraph 2 mostly means ____________
A. using new ways of doing something B. travelling around the world
C. being friendly to the environment D. becoming interested in mending something
Question 34: According to the passage, recycled cardboard can be used for ____________
A. packaging B. creating energy
C. producing sulphur dioxide D. making rubbish bins
Question 35: Which of the following is TRUE about cardboard buildings as stated in the passage?
A. They were constructed in Japan and New Zealand only.
B. They can serve as permanent homes for people.
C. They are shelters for people after natural disasters. D. They can house just a small number of people.