Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 44 to 50
More than 200 reindeer have died of starvation on the Norwegian archipelago of Svalbard, with scientists blaming their deaths on climate change. The wild deer carcasses were found on the Arctic islands this summer by researchers from the Norwegian Polar Institute (NPI), which said it had never logged so many deaths at once in 40 years of monitoring the animals’ population level. “It’s scary to find so many dead animals,” project leader Assild Onvik Pedersen told state broadcaster NRK. “This is an example of how climate change affects nature. It is just sad.”
Svalbard’s capital Longyearbyen, the northernmost town on earth, is thought to be warming quicker than any other settlement on the planet climate scientists warned earlier this year. The milder temperatures in the region led to unusually heavy rainfall in December, leaving a thick layer of ice when the freezing frost. This meant the reindeer could not dig through the hardened tundra to reach the vegetation they graze on in their usual pastures, the NPI said. Svalbard’s reindeer have been observed eating seaweed and kelp when food is scarcebut these are less nutritious and cause them stomach problems.
A relatively high number of calves born last year increased the death toll, as the youngest and weakest are often the first to die in harsh conditions. “Some of the mortality is natural because there were so many calves last year. But the large number we see now is due to heavy rain, which is due to global warming,” said Ms Onvik Pedersen.
A team of three scientists spent 10 weeks investigating population of the Svalbard reindeer earlier this year. Researchers warned the decline of reindeer would cause unwanted plant species, currently kept in check by the animals’ grazing, to spread across Arctic states in Europe, Asia and North America.
Arctic reindeer and caribou populations have declined 56 per cent in the last two decades, a report by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration said last year. The report said food security was partly to blame for falling herd numbers, while warmer summers could also put the animals at greater risk of diseases spread by flies and parasites. The average temperature in Longyearbyen has risen by 3.7C since 1900, more than three times the global average increase of about 1C. In 2016, the entrance to the town’s “Doomsday” seed vault – which stores specimens of almost all the world’s seeds – was flooded following heavy rainfall.
(Adapted from https://www.independent.co.uk/)
Which could best serve as the title of the passage?
Climate change – The main cause for the death of hundreds of reindeer.
Global warming – What are the effects on nature?
Reindeer – The most vulnerable animals on the Arctic islands.
Climate change – What are the reasons?
Correct answer: A
Which of the following sentences could be used as a title for a paragraph?
A. Climate change – The main cause of the deaths of hundreds of reindeer.
B. Global Warming – What are the impacts on nature?
C. Reindeer – The most vulnerable creatures on the Arctic islands.
D. Climate Change – What Causes It?
Based on paragraph 1: More than 200 reindeer have died of starvation on the Norwegian archipelago of Svalbard, with scientists blaming their deaths on climate change. (More than 200 reindeer have died of starvation on the Norwegian archipelago of Svalbard, which scientists blame on climate change.)
Which Could Best Serve as the Title of the Passage?
When it comes to writing, the title of a passage is just as important as the content itself. A good title should be catchy, succinct, and accurately reflect the main point of the passage. This article will discuss the different elements to consider when choosing a title for your passage and provide some tips to help you find the best one.
The first thing to consider when selecting a title is the focus of the passage. It should clearly indicate what the passage is about and give the reader an idea of the main point. This can be done by using keywords that are related to the topic. Additionally, the title should be concise and to the point, as a long title may be off-putting to readers.
The next step is to make sure the title is eye-catching and interesting. A good title should grab the reader’s attention and make them want to read the passage. You can do this by using alliteration, puns, or other creative devices.
Finally, it’s important to consider the tone of the passage and the audience. The title should reflect the tone of the passage and be appropriate for the intended audience. For example, a title for a formal academic paper should be more serious than a title for a humorous blog post.
By following these tips, you should be able to find a title that best serves the passage. Remember to keep it concise, catchy, and appropriate for the audience and tone of the passage. With a bit of creativity, you’ll be able to come up with a great title that will help your passage stand out.