Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions
Cruises are becoming more and more popular, with around 20 million passengers per year now enjoying holidays on board luxury ships. Many people see a cruise as the perfect way to sit back and do nothing, and enjoy time off work. Everything you could possibly need is within easy reach. On board, there are shops, theaters, cinemas, swimming pools and leisure centers. There are more facilities, in fact, than most towns offer their residents. It’s therefore easy to see why they are so popular. But what is the effect on the environment of this trend?
Although it usually takes less energy for a vehicle to move through water than over land, cruise ships are often huge, with the biggest ones carrying up to 6,000 passengers. Moving such large vehicles requires enormous engines, which burn as much as 300,000 liters of fuel a day. One scientist has calculated that cruise ships create as much pollution as 5 million cars going over the same distance. Because they are out at sea, they also burn dirtier fuel that isn’t allowed on land. Unfortunately, no government has control over the amount of air pollution out at sea.
Cruises also produce huge amounts of rubbish, and cruise ships aren’t usually good at recycling. Waste water from showers and toilets is usually poured directly into the sea – as much per day as from a small town. Waste food from restaurants isn’t put into the sea, but still causes problems when brought back to the land.
Cruise ships also cause difficulties in the cities where they stop. Popular destinations can get five or six ships per day, with thousands of tourists at a time. Good for restaurants? No. Restaurant owners complain that the visitors look around for a few hours and then return to their ship to eat. What’s more, the crowd can put off other tourists, who complains that the streets are too busy. Some towns have banned cruise ships or put a limit on the number that can stop at the same time. People who care about the environment worry that as the cruise industry continues to grow, so too will the issues for our planet.
(Adapted from Cambridge English Exam Booster by Caroline Chapman and Susan White)
Which could be the best title for this passage?
The price of a perfect holiday?
Cruising – The best way to see the world
A once-in-a-life-time experience on board
Cruising – Out of this world!
Correct answer: A
Knowledge: Reading Comprehension
A. The price of a perfect vacation?
B. Cruises – The best way to see the world
C. A once-in-a-lifetime experience on board
D. Beach tourism – A great thing!
=> Choose answer A
The title of this passage should be: “The Benefits of a Positive Mindset”.
Having a positive mindset is one of the most important aspects of life. It can have a huge impact on our physical and mental health, relationships, career, and overall happiness. A positive mindset can help us to stay motivated, make better decisions, and cope with difficult situations. It can also help us to develop better relationships, be more successful in our career, and lead a happier life.
Positive thinking can help us to stay focused on our goals and take action towards achieving them. It can also help us to stay positive in difficult situations, instead of giving up or feeling overwhelmed. When we have a positive outlook, we are more likely to take risks and be open to new opportunities. This can lead to greater success and satisfaction in our lives.
Positive thinking can also help us to stay resilient in the face of challenges. When we focus on the positive aspects of a situation, we are better able to cope with difficulties and setbacks. We can also use positive thinking to help us stay motivated and take action to achieve our goals.
Finally, having a positive mindset can help us to build better relationships with others. When we have a positive outlook, we are more likely to be open to others and build stronger connections. This can lead to more meaningful relationships and a greater sense of satisfaction.
Overall, having a positive mindset is essential for leading a successful and fulfilling life. It can help us to stay motivated, take action, and build better relationships. By focusing on the positive aspects of life, we can achieve greater success, satisfaction, and happiness.