Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions
Bullying, intentional harm-doing or harassment that is directed toward vulnerable targets and typically repeated. Bullying behavior a wide range of malicious behavior, including physical violence, verbal mockery, threats, ostracism, and spread either orally or by other means of communication, such as the Internet.
Bullying in educational settings remains a commonplace everyday experience. In Europe significant attention to school bullying began in the early 1970s, in part because of the efforts of Olweus, as well as a widely publicized trio of victims in Norway in 1983. A spate of school shootings in the late 1990s brought further media attention to the subject of school bullying, and concern was renewed during a later series of bullying-related suicides in Canada and the United States. A US national study published at the turn of the 21st century documented that bullying and other forms of aggression approximately 30 percent, or 5.7 million, middle-to-high-school students in the then-current school term.
Although the root causes of bullying remain unclear, its consequences for victims are abundantly apparent. The US Secret Service in conjunction with the US Department of Education found that bullying was a factor in the majority of “incidents of targeted school violence” in the last two and a half decades of the 20th century. Victimization is also significant related to suicidal ideation, social isolation, anxiety and depression, low self-esteem, physical health problems, and diminished academic performance and school attachment. Many of these effects can last well into adulthood.
However, victims are not the only ones who suffer from bullying. For many outcomes, bully-victims often fare the worst on a variety of measures, but pure bullies also experience difficulties. They are at increased risk of subsequent mental health problems and are likely to encounter difficulty maintaining positive relationships as adults. More significant, bullies are considerably more likely to be guilty of crimes and incarcerated as young adults.
Some youth nevertheless use bullying as a way to gain social status among peers. These adolescents may be more strategic in how they choose their targets, and they are also likely to be among the more popular students in school. For at least some of them, bullying and effectively boost their status and influence among schoolmates by winning the admiration of peers or by tearing down social rivals. Generally speaking, however, bullying is more effective at harming victims than aiding aggressors.
What could be the best title of this passage?
Background Factors of Bullying
Effects of Bullying on Adolescents
Knowledge: Reading Comprehension
Which title best fits the passage?
A. Bullying in the workplace
B. The Basics of Bullying
C. School bullying
D. Effects of bullying on teenagers
Bullying in educational settings remains a commonplace everyday experience
Translated: Bullying in educational settings is still a common occurrence.
The article is about bullying in schools.
=> Choose the answer C
The title of any passage is important in determining its overall meaning and impact. A good title should be catchy, relevant to the content, and memorable. It should also be concise and easy to comprehend. When it comes to choosing the best title for a passage, there are a few key points to consider.
First, consider the tone of the passage. Is it serious or humorous? Is it informative or thought-provoking? The title should reflect the overall tone of the passage. For example, a passage about the importance of voting may have a title such as “The Power of Your Vote”, while a passage about the joys of camping may have a title such as “The Great Outdoors”.
Second, consider the main points of the passage. A good title should capture the essence of the main points in the passage. If the passage is about the importance of voting, the title should be something that conveys this idea, such as “Your Voice Matters”. If the passage is about the joys of camping, the title should be something that conveys this idea, such as “Exploring the Great Outdoors”.
Finally, consider the audience for the passage. A title should be appropriate for the intended audience. For example, a passage about the importance of voting may have a different title for a younger audience than for an older audience. A title such as “The Future is in Your Hands” may be more appropriate for a younger audience, while “The Power of Your Vote” may be more appropriate for an older audience.
In conclusion, choosing the best title for a passage requires thoughtful consideration of the tone, main points, and intended audience. A good title should be catchy, relevant to the content, and memorable, while also being concise and easy to comprehend. With careful thought and consideration, you can choose a title that will capture the essence of your passage and make a lasting impression on your readers.