Question 18: Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions: The economic expansion prompted by the Second World War triggered a spectacular population boom in the West. Of course, the region was no stranger to population booms. while much of its history, western settlement had been used by spurts, rather than by a pattern of gradual and steady population growth, beginning with the gold and silver rushes of the 1850’s and 1860’s. The decade after the First World War – the 1920’s – witnessed another major surge of people pouring into the West, particularly into urban areas. But the economic depression of the 1930’s brought this expansion to a halt; some of the more sparsely settled parts of the region actually lost population as applicants sought work in more heavily industrialized areas. By 1941 when the United States entered the Second World War and began to relocate, new job opportunities were created in the western part of the nation. If the expansion of industries, such as shipbuilding and aircraft manufacturing, was most striking on the pacific coast, it also affected interior cities like Denver, Phoenix, and Salt Lake City. Equally dramatic were the effects of the establishment of aluminum plants in Oregon and Washington and the burgeoning steel industry in Utah and California. The flow of people into these areas provided an enormous impetus to the expansion of the service industries – banks, health care services and schools. Although strained to the limit by the influx of newcomers, western communities welcome the vast reservoir of new job opportunities. At the same time, the unprecedented expansion of government installations in the West, such as military bases, created thousands of new civilian openings. As land had served as a magnet for westerners in the late nineteenth century, so wartime mobilization set in motion another major expansion of population. Indeed, it could be said that the entire western United States became a giant boomtown during the Second World War. This was especially true of California. Of the more than eight million people who moved into the West in the decade after 1940, almost one-half went to the Pacific coast. In fact, between 1940 and 1950, California’s population surged by more than three million people. The word “it” in paragraph 2 refers to .
The word “it” in paragraph 2 refers to .
A. Expansion. B. Denver. C. Production. D. Pacific Coast. Seeing “it” at the beginning of the sentence as the subject, we should read the sentence before it.
“If the expansion of industries, such as shipbuilding and aircraft manufacturing, was most striking on the Pacific coast, it also affected interior cities like Denver, Phoenix, and Salt Lake City” – (If the expansion of industries industries such as shipbuilding and aircraft manufacturing, is most prominent on the Pacific coast, it also affects inland cities such as Denver, Phoenix, and Salt Lake) => “it” only could be an alternative to “the expansion”.