Question 15: Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions Experts often forecast an upswing in an economy after a protracted slowdown.
upswing /ˈʌpswɪŋ/ (n): progress, upward trend, improvement
Eg: an upswing in economic activity
– decline / declinedɪˈklaɪn/ (n): decline, decline
Eg: The company reported a small decline in its profits.
– improvement /ɪmˈpruːvmənt/ (n): improvement, improvement, progress
Eg: We expect to see further improvement over the coming year.
– inflation /ɪnˈfleɪʃn/ (n): inflation
Eg: a high/low rate of inflation
– reform /ri’foirm/ (n): to reform, to renovate
Eg: Some necessary of/to the system will be necessary.
=> Answer B (Experts often forecast a period of economic recovery after a prolonged recession)