Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 36 to 42.
Newspaper publishers in the United States have long been enthusiastic users and distributors of weather maps. Although some newspapers that had carried out the United States Weather Bureau’s national weather map in 1912 dropped it once the novelty had passed, many continued to print the daily weather chart provided by their local forecasting office. In the 1930s, when interest in aviation and progress in air-mass analysis made weather patterns more newsworthy, additional newspapers began or resumed the daily weather map. In 1935, The Associated Press (AP) news service derailed its WirePhoto network and offered subscribing newspapers morning and afternoon weather maps redrafted by the AP’s Washington, B.C., office from charts provided by the government agency. Another news service, United Press International (UPI), has developed a competing photowire network and also provided timely weather maps for both morning and afternoon newspapers. After the United States government launched a series of weather satellites in 1966, both the AP and UPI offered cloud-cover photos obtained from the Weather Bureau.
In the late 1970s and early 1980s, the weather map became an essential ingredient in the redesign of the American newspaper. News publishers, threatened by increased competition from television for readers’ attention, sought to package the news more conveniently and attractively. In 1982, many publishers felt threatened by the new USA Today, a national daily newspaper that used a page-wide full-color weather map as its key design element. That the weather map in USA today did not include information about weather fronts and pressures attests to the largely symbolic role it played. Nonetheless, competing local and metropolitan newspapers responded in a variety of ways. Most substituted full-color temperature maps for the standard weather maps, while others dropped the comparatively drab satellite photos or added regional forecast maps with pictorial symbols to indicate rainy, snowy, cloudy, or clear conditions. A few newspapers, notably The New York Times, adopted a highly informative yet less visually prominent weather map that was particularly designed to explain an important recent or imminent weather event. Ironically, a newspaper’s richest, most instructive weather maps are often comparatively small and inconspicuous
What does the passage mainly discuss?
A. The differences between government and newspaper weather forecasting in the United States
B. The history of publishing weather maps in United States newspapers
C. A comparison of regional and national weather reporting in the United States
D. Information that forms the basis for weather forecasting in the United States
Sep choose the correct answer before viewing the answer and the solution below.
The 2021 QG High School Examination
Correct answer: B
The reader mainly discusses what?
A. The difference between government weather forecasts and the press in the United States
B. History of weather map publishing in the American press industry
C. A comparison between the national and regional weather news in the United States
D. The administrative information understage for weather forecasts in the United States
In the information in the article: “Although some newspapers that had carried out the United States Weather Bureau’s national weather map in 1912 dropped it once the novelty had passed, many continued to print the daily weather chart provided by their local forecasting office.” (
– “In 1982, many publishers felt threatened by the new USA Today, a national daily newspaper that used a page-wide full-color weather map as its key design element.” (In 1982, many publishing houses felt the threat from USA Today – the nation’s daily newspaper that uses a one-page weather map full of colors as a major element of their design.)