VIII. Read the following passage about the United Nations and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 28 to 34:
Over the years, the United Nations has had some successes in its role of world peacemaker. It has negotiated 172 peaceful settlements and helped to end two wars. It has also helped to show the spread of nuclear weapons by inspecting nuclear facilities in 90 countries.
As a peacekeeper, the UN has also had a number of successes. Since 1945, UN peacekeeping forces have been involved in 56 missions. They have supervised ceasefires and the withdrawal of troops, and they have monitored elections. Over the years, roughly 130 nations have participated in the peacekeeping missions. In 1988, the UN peacekeeping forces received the Nobel Peace Prize. Unfortunately, member nations have been unwilling to give UN peacekeeping forces the independence and financial support they need to be even more effective.
In evaluating the success of the UN, it is important to keep in mind that the organization has many functions in addition to preventing or ending wars. The United Nations is really a “family” of related organizations, which are working to provide a better life for people everywhere. One part of the UN family is UNICEF, an organization that provides food, medical care, and many other services to poor children wherever they live. Thanks to the efforts of UNICEF, the immunization rate of children in developing countries has jumped from 5 percent in 1974 to more than 80 percent today. Another part of the UN family is the World Health organization (WHO), which develops medical programs for people all over the world. In 1980, WHO announce that, after 13 years of work, it had succeeded in ridding the world of the disease smallpox.
According to the passage, many members don’t want to provide independence and financial support to UN peacekeeping forces because _____.
UN peacekeeping forces do not solve any problems in doing what the members asks them to do.
UN peacekeeping forces show uncertainty about objectives which they are staying focused on.
UN peacekeeping forces need to produce more successful results in promoting world peace.
UN peacekeeping forces take part in an ineffective organization and have a bad reputation.
Answer the question before viewing the answer below
Correct answer: C