Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.
Trees are useful to man in three very important ways: they provide him with wood and other products, they give him shade, and they help to prevent drought and floods.
Unfortunately, in many parts of the world man has not realized that the third of these services is the most important. In his eagerness to draw quick profits from the trees, he has cut them down in large numbers, only to find that without them he has lost the best friends he had.
Two thousand years ago a rich and powerful country cut down its trees to build warships, with which to gain itself an empire. It gained the empire but, without its trees, its soil became hard and poor. When the empire fell to pieces, the country found itself faced by floods and starvation.
Even though a government realizes the importance of a plentiful supply of trees, it is difficult for it to force the villager to see this. The villager wants wood to cook his food
with, and he can earn money by making charcoal or selling wood to the townsman. He is usually too lazy or too careless to plant and look after trees. So unless the government has a good system of control, or can educate the people, the forests will slowly disappear.
This doesn’t just mean that there will be fewer trees. The results are even more serious. For where there are trees their roots break the soil up, allowing the rain to sink in and also bind the soil, thus preventing it being washed away easily, but where there are no trees, the soil becomes hard and poor. The rain falls on hard ground and flows away on the surface, causing floods and carrying away with it the rich topsoil, in which crops grow so well, when all the topsoil is gone, nothing remains but a worthless desert.
In the writer’s opinion, _______________ or the forests slowly disappear.
A. people shouldn’t draw benefits from the tree
B. measures must be taken
C. government must realize the serious results
D. unless trees never be cut down
Sep choose the correct answer before viewing the answer and the solution below.
The 2021 QG High School Examination
Correct answer: B
The topic. In the author’s opinion,_________ or the forests will gradually disappear.
A. People should not profit from trees
B. Measures must be taken
C. The government must recognize the serious
D. Unless the trees are never cut down.
Ta see the information in the last sentence of paragraph 4.
Post: So unless the government has a good system of control, or can educate the people, the forests will slowly disappear.
P: So if the government doesn’t have a good control system or educates people, the forests will gradually disappear
→ Considering the 4 options we choose answer B, implying that measures need to be taken, there may be a system of control or education of people.