Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 31 to 35
Vietnam’s population is aging quickly. In 2017, more than 10 per cent of the population will be 60 and older, and in 15-20 years the elderly will account for one third of the total population. This concerns about healthcare, welfare and pensions for the elderly at a time when Vietnam is focusing on economic integration and requires a large labor force. So far two have been proposed: to loosen the two-child policy and to increase the retirement age to 58 for women and 62 for men. By ending the two-child policy the government expects to make up for the aging population within the next 20 years. But its effect could be creating an uncontrollable boom in the Vietnamese population. When the government loosened the two-child policy in 2015 in a trial period, in the first 6 months of 2016 the third child birth rate increased significantly by 7.5 per cent
Raising the retirement age has been proposed by the Ministry of Labor pending evaluation evaluation in May 2017. While the policy is beneficial in utilizing the work experience of the elderly while creating savings in the elderly budget, it also means fewer job prospects and promotion opportunities for pension younger generations. It is also not in the interest of all the elderly, especially the 70 per cent of Vietnam’s labor force working in manual labor-intensive sectors such as agriculture, manufacturing and construction where working above the age of 50 can be dangerous and unproductive. Despite these drawbacks, raising the retirement age is still considered by policymakers as one of the key solutions to the aging population problem in Vietnam. However, these are only temporary solutions.
The best title for this passage could be ________.
Vietnam struggles with aging population
Stopping the two-child policy in Vietnam
Raising the retirement age in Vietnam
How to solve the aging population in Vietnam
Correct answer: A
The best title for this passage would be _________.
A. Vietnam struggles with population aging
B. End the two-child policy in Vietnam
C. Increasing the retirement age in Vietnam
D. How to solve the problem of population aging in Vietnam
Based on the full article information:
“Two children policy; increase the retirement age; solutions to the problem of population aging” are mentioned in the article but do not cover the whole article.