What can be inferred from the passage?
Living in urban areas for a long time will not make the life expectancy of inhabitants shorten.
One of the negative health effects comes from the overpopulation in industrialized countries.
People in developed countries suffer less harmful health effects from urbanization than those in developing nations.
The bad health effects from urbanization are not greater than the benefits it brings to people in urban cities.
It can be inferred from the passage that ________.
A. Long-term urban living may not shorten the life expectancy of residents
B. one of the negative health effects comes from population explosion in industrialized countries
C. people in developed countries suffer less harmful health effects than people in developing countries from urbanization
D. the harmful health effects of urbanization do not outweigh the benefits it brings to people in urban areas
This is an “infer” question, so it requires us to understand the lesson and know how to link the information and inference to choose the most correct answer. Therefore, answers with identical specific information in the text are often incorrect:
– Answer A: the meaning is wrong because this answer information is specifically mentioned in the article at the end of paragraph 3: “… and shortened life span”
– Answer B: The whole article only mentions two main aspects leading to negative health effects: “air pollution” and “diet”. So this answer is not mentioned in the article
– Answer C: this answer is correct. The information is at the very beginning of paragraph 2: “As it would be expected, developing coutries tend to see more negative physical health effects than modern countries in regard to urbanization”. tend to experience more negative health impacts than modern countries related to urbanization).
– Answer D: information about this answer is not mentioned. Since the whole article mainly deals with the negative effects of urbanization on human health, no benefits or any comparisons related to the benefits – harms are mentioned…