Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word for each of the blanks from 46 to 50.
Most adults struggle to recall events from their first few years of life and now scientists have identified exactly when these childhood memories are lost forever. A new childhood amnesia has found study that it to take (46) ___________ around the age of seven.
The rapid decline of memories persisting while children are five and six is owing to the change in the way memories are formed.
Before the age of seven, children tend to have an (47) ___________ form of recall with no sense of time and place in their memories. In older children, however, the early recollected events tend to be more adult like in their content and the way they are formed. Faster rate of reported in children and higher turnover of memories means early memories are less likely to survive. (48) ___________, memories of younger children tend to lack autobiographical narrative leading to a process known as “retrieval induced reported” (49) _____ the action of remembering causes other information to be forgotten. consequently, if childhood memories can survive into the ninth or tenth year of life, they may stay a chance of (50) ___________ it into adulthood.
(forty six) ___________
A. affect (v): affect
B. effective (a): effective
C. effect (n): effect / effect / effect
D. effectively (adv): an effective each
Questions about vocabulary and grammar. Choose answer C because the phrase “take effect” is a collocation and means: to start taking effect, to affect / to take effect / in addition, after “take” needs a noun to do. object, so only C – effect (n) can be chosen.
Excerpt: A new study into childhood amnesia has found that it costs to take effect around the age of seven.
=> A new study on amnesia in children has shown that the syndrome begins to have an impact when children are about 7 years old.