____ many international agreements affirming their human rights, women are still much more likely than men to be poor and illiterate.
Correct answer: A
The answer is NO
Despite their many endorsements of their international human rights agreements, women still outnumber men in terms of poverty and illiteracy.
Consider the answers:
A. Although + clause: although
B. Despite + N/Ving: although
C. Because + clause: because
D. Since = because + clause: because
*Note: “affirming” is a gerund, functions as a noun, not a Ving, together with “agreements” forms a noun phrase, and the phrase “many….rights” is a complete noun phrase. , so we choose B.