Unit 8 grade 8: English Speaking Countries – Skills 1
1.1. Task 1 Unit 8 grade 8
Discuss the questions. Then read the passage. (Discuss the questions. Then read the passage.)
Guide to answer
1. It’s in the north of Great Britain.
2. It’s famous for its rich and unique culture as well as its amazing natural beauty, historic castles, traditional festivals and whiskey.
1. Where is Scotland?
It is located in the north of Great Britain.
2. What is this land famous for?
It is famous for its rich and unique culture as well as its amazing natural beauty, historic castles, traditional festivals and whiskey.
SCOTLAND – LAND OF LEGENDS
Scotland is located in the north of Great Britain. It is famous for its rich culture and amazing natural beauty. Visitors to this land can spend endless days exploring its centuries-old historic castles. But be aware – legend says some of them are haunted. Hobbyists can experience the world famous festival, the highland game, where they can enjoy unique Scottish activities such as pipe playing, drumming and dancing. They can also watch traditional sports or drink whiskey with the locals. Driving through vast verdant meadows, or paddling the beautiful lakes – or lakes – are other attractions Scotland has to offer.
The great people of this legendary land also gave birth to many important inventions of the world such as the telephone, television, penicillin and raincoat. Edinburgh, the capital, was the first city in the world to have its own fire brigade in 1824. The University of Edinburgh welcomed the UK’s first female medical student in 1869.
1.2. Task 2 Unit 8 grade 8
Match each place or event with its two features. (Match each place or event with 2 ideas.)
Guide to answer
d. The world’s first bridge (the world’s first fire brigade)
f. first female medical student (first female medical student)
2. castles (Castle)
a. haunted by ghost (haunted)
c. centuries – old (century old)
3. Highland Games (Highland game)
b. piping and drumming (playing pipes and cards)tube)
H. traditional sports (traditional sports)tube)
e. scenic (landscape)
g. boating (boat ride)
1.3. Task 3 Unit 8 grade 8
Read the passage again and answer the questions. (Read the passage again and answer the questions.)
first. Is Scotland famous for its rich culture? (Scotland is famous for its rich culture, isn’t it?)
2. What might you see when you are exploring a castle? (What can you see when you explore the castle?)
3. What are some activities you can see at the Scottish Highland Games?
(Some activities you can see in the Scottish Highlands?)
4. What were some of the things invented by the Scots? (What are some things invented in Scotland?)
5. When was the first fire brigade in the world created? (When was the world’s first fire brigade created?
Guide to answer
1. Yes, it is. (Right.)
2. A ghost. (A ghost.)
3. Piping, drumming and dancing. (Playing pipes, drumming and dancing)
4. The television, telephone, penicillin, the rain coat. (TV, phone, penicillin, raincoat)
5. Printed 1824. (In 1824.)
2.1. Task 4 Unit 8 grade 8
Work in pairs. Talk about the thing(s) you like most about Scotland. Give reasons. (Work in pairs. Talk about the things most children like about Scotland. Give reasons.)
Guide to answer
1. What do you like about Scotland? (What do you like about Scotland?)
=> I like the castles. (I like castles.)
2. Why? (Why?)
=> Because I want to see a ghost! (Because I want to see a ghost!)
3. How about its traditional sports? Do you like them? (What about traditional sports. Do you like them?)
=> Of course I do like them. I want to try piping and drumming. (Of course I like them very much. I want to try playing the pipe and the drums.)
2.2. Task 5 Unit 8 grade 8
Work in groups. Read and discuss these interesting facts about Australia. Prepare a short introduction of Australia. Then present it to the class. (Work in groups. Read and discuss interesting facts about Australia. Prepare a short introduction to Australia. Then present it to the class.)
Guide to answer
It is the world’s only country which covers an entire continent. It is the world’s capital of sports and outdoor activities (70% of polling regularly participate). It is the longest fence (5,400 km) which was built to protect the world’s largest population of sheep (about 175 million) and is claimed to be seen from outer space. It has the world’s largest cattle station (Anna Creek station) and larger than Belgium.
It is the only country in the world that has an entire continent. It is the world capital for sports and outdoor activities (70% of cyclists participate regularly). This is the longest fence (5,400 km) built to protect the largest flock of sheep in the world (about 175 million) and is said to be visible from space. It has the largest cattle station in the world (Anna Creek station) and is bigger than Belgium.
3. Practice Task 1
Read the passage below and decide whether the statements are TRUE or FALSE?
The Hopi live in the northwest part of Arizona in the United States. With modern things all around them, the Hopi keep their traditions.
There are about 10,000 Hopi and they live in twelve villages in the desert. The weather is very hot in summer, but in winter it freezes. The wind blows hard. Farming is difficult. Corn is the Hopi’s main food, but they plant vegetables, too. They raise sheep, goats, and cattle. They also eat hamburgers, ice cream and drink soft drinks. They live in traditional stone houses, but many of them have the telephones, radios, and television. They have horses, but they have trucks too.
Kachinas are an important part of the Hopi religion. Kachinas are spirits of dead people, of rocks, plants, and animals, and of the stars. Men dress as kachinas and do religious dances. People also some make wooden kachinas. No two wooden kachinas are ever alike.
The children attend school, and they also learn the Hopi language, dances, and stories. The Hopi want a comfortable, modern life, but they don’t want to lose their traditions.
Question 1: Though surrounded with modern things, the Hopi keep their traditions.
Question 2: The Hopi live in the areas
Question 3: The Hopi only eat corns.
Question 5: Most wooden kachinas are all similar to each other
4. Practice Task 2
Choose the letter A, B, C or D to complete the passage below
English is the _________ (6) language of the Philippines. English-medium education _________ (7) in the Philippines in 1901 after the arrival of some 540 US teachers. English was also chosen for newspapers and magazines, the media, and literary writing.
The latest results from a recent survey suggest that about 65% of the _________ (8) of the Philippines has the ability to understand spoken and written English with 48 person using that they can write standard English. The economy is based on English, and successful workers and managers are fluent in English. _________ (9) schools know that their _________ (10) must be fluent in English to be successful.
Question 6: A. interesting B. official C. popular D. tarnished
Question 7: A. begin B. begin C. beginning D. to begin
Question 8: A. pollution B. popularity C. population D. prospect
Question 9: A. Any B. Many C. Much D. A lot
Question 10: A. students B. cleaners C. guards D. teachers
At the end of this lesson the children should reinforce their reading comprehension skills about Scotland and give reasons why they like Scotland; Also memorize the following words:
- legend (n): legend, legend
- famous for: famous for…
- endless days: many days
- explore (v): explore
- castle (n): castle
- experience (v): experience
- pipping (n): tunneling
- pasture (n): grassland
- attraction (n): attraction
- cover (v): cover
- from the space: from the universe