Unit 8 grade 12: The World Of Work – Looking Back
Listen to the following exchanges and underline the stressed words. Then practise them with a partner, using the correct sentence stress. (Listen to the following exchange and underline the stressed words. Then practice them with a friend, using the correct sentence stress.)
Click to listen
Guide to answer
first. A: Do you think communication skills are really important?
(Do you think communication skills are very important?)
B: Well, some people think they aren’t important, but, in fact, they are.
(Some people think it doesn’t matter, but it really is)
2. A: Can people without a university degree apply for this job?
(Can people without a college degree apply for a job?)
B: Yes, they can.
(Yes, they can)
3. A: Should I ask my brother big help I’m big write the CV?
(Should I ask my brother to help me write my CV)
B: Yes, certainly You should.
(You should definitely do that)
4. A: You haven’t been shortlisted for the interview.
(You have not yet entered the interview round)
B: I have been shortlisted for it.
(I got into that round)
Underline the correct word in each sentence. (Underline the correct word in each sentence)
Guide to answer
first. If you want to get a job, you should look for job (adverts/ CVs).
(If you want to get a job, you should look for job ads. )
2. Don’t forget to read the information about the required skills and qualities to see if you have the (relevant/ reliable) job experience.
(Don’t forget to read the information on skills and qualifications required to see if you have relevant work experience.)
3. If you (cahnge/ tailor) your CV to suit the job requirements, you can increase your chances of getting an interview.
(If you tailor your CV to suit the job requirements, you can increase your chances of getting into the interview round.)
4. After the CV screening process, only a small number of (interviewers/ candidates) are invited for a job interview.
(After the CV screening process, only a small number of candidates are invited for a job interview.)
5. The new (employee/ employers) is usually confirmed after a period of probation.
(New employees are usually hired after a probationary period.)
Turn the following sentences into report speech, using the reporting verbs in the box. (Transform the following sentences into declarative sentences, using the report verbs in the box.)
first. Mike: “How long will it take you to finish writing your CV, Mira?’
(Mike: When will you finish writing your CV, Mira?)
2. Mira. ‘I think I will need another two hours.’
(Mira: I think I’ll need 2 more hours)
3. Mike. ‘Try to finish it by 4 pm so that you can come and watch the football match’
(Mike: Her sister finished work before 4 o’clock so she could come to watch the football game)
4. Mira. ‘That’ll give me only an hour!’
(Mira: Then you only have 1 hour left)
5. Mike. ‘Come on, just write it quickly.’
(Mike: Come on, write quickly)
6. Mira. ‘Sorry, I won’t be able to leave the house before 4 pm because I want to write a very impressive CV.’
(Mira: Sorry, I won’t be able to leave the house before 4 o’clock because I want to write an impressive CV)
7. Mike: But you never come and see me play.’
(Mike: But I never came to see you play)
8. Mira. ‘I’ll come to your next match. I promised ‘
(Mira: I’ll come see you next time. I promise!)
Guide to answer
1. Mike asked Mira how long it would take her to finish writing her CV.
(Mike asked Mira how long it would take her to finish writing her CV.)
2. Mira informed him that she would need another two hours.
(Mira informs him that she will need 2 more hours)
3. Mike encouraging/urged her to try and finish it by 4 pm so that she could come and watch the football match.
(Mike encourages her to try and finish by 4 o’clock so she can go to the football game)
4. Mira exclaim that would give her only an hour.
(Mira shouts that she only has 1 hour left)
5. Mike her to write it quickly.
(Mike urges her to write quickly)
6. Mira refused to leave the house before 4 pm because she to write a very impressive CV.
(Mira refuses to leave the house before 4 o’clock because she wants to write an impressive CV)
7. Mike complained that she never came and saw him play.
(Mike complains that she never comes to see him play)
8. Mira promised to come to his match/that she would come to his next match.
(Mira promises to come watch his next game)
4. Practice Task 1
Choose the letter A, B, C or D to complete the sentences with given words
Question 1: An only child often creates an_______ friend to play with.
A. imagine B. imaginary C. imaginable D. imagine
Question 2: He was a very outgoing_______ and makes friends very easily.
A. person B. personal C. personage D. personality
Question 3: Their company has just won the _______ dealership for Rolls-Royce.
A. dealership B. complaint C. fuss D. interest
Question 4: The novels is based on his_______ in the war.
A. B. images C. situations D. experiences
Question 5: He rose from his chair and_______ her warmly.
A. protected B. repalced C. embraced D. appreciated
5. Practice Task 2
Choose the letter A, B, C or D to answer these following questions
Contrary to popular belief, one does not have to be a trained programmer to work online. Of course, there are plenty of jobs available for people with high-tech computer skills, but the growth of new media has up a wide range of Internet career opportunities opened requiring only a minimal level of technical expertise. Probably one of the most well-known online job opportunities is the job of webmaster. However, it is hard to define one basic job description for this position. The qualifications and responsibilities depend on what tasks a particular organization needs a webmaster to perform.
To specify the job description of a webmaster, one needs to identify the hardware and software that the website the webmaster will manage is running on. Different types of hardware and software require different skill sets to manage them. Another key factor is whether the website will be running internally (at the firm itself) or externally (renting shared space on the company servers). Finally, the responsibilities of a webmaster also depend on whether he or she will be working independently, or whether the firm will provide people to help. All of these factors need to be considered before one can create an accurate webmaster job description.
Webmaster is one type of Internet career requiring in-depth knowledge of the latest computer applications. However, there are also online jobs available for which traditional skills remain in high demand. Content jobs require excellent writing skills and a good sense of the web as a “new media”.
The term “new media” is difficult to define because it constantly growing set of new technologies and skills. Specifically, it includes websites, email, Internet technology, CD-ROM, DVD, streaming audio and video, interactive multimedia presentations, e-books, digital music, computer illustration, video games, virtually reality, and computer artistry.
In addition, many of today’s Internet careers are becoming paid-by-the-job professions. With many companies having to downsize in tough economic items, the outsourcing and contracting of freelance workers online has become common business practice. The Internet provides an infinite pool of buyers from around the world with whom freelancers are able to work on projects with companies outside their own country of residence.
How much can a person make in these kinds of career? As with many questions related to today’s evolving technology, there is no simple answer. There are many companies willing to pay people with technical Internet skills salaries well above $70,000 a year. Generally, webmasters start at about $30,000 per year, but salaries can vary greatly. Freelance writers working online have been known to make between $40,000 and $70,000 per year.
Question 1: The word “identify” in paragraph 2 is closest in meaning to _____.
A. name B. estimate C. discount D. encounter
Question 2: The word “them” in paragraph 2 refers to _____.
A. companies B. new job opportunities
C. hardware and software D. webmasters
Question 3: According to the passage, which of the following is true of webmasters?
A. They never work independently.
B. They require a minimal level of expertise.
C. The duties they perform depend on the organization they work for.
D. They do not support software products.
Question 4: According to the passage, all of the following are true EXCEPT _____.
A. There are online jobs available for workers with minimal computer skills.
B. Online workers cannot free themselves from the office.
C. Webmasters must have knowledge of the latest computer applications.
D. “New media” is not easy to define.
Question 5: What is the purpose of the passage?
A. To inform people about employment related to the Internet.
B. To inform people about the computer industry.
C. To inform people about the tasks and role of a webmaster.
D. To explain why webmasters make a lot of money.
At the end of the new Unit 8 English Grade 12 lesson – Looking Back, students need to remember:
– Pronunciation: stressed words (exceptions)
– Vocabulary: advert, relevant, CV, tailor, interviewer, candidate, employee, employer
Reported speech An indirect sentence used to describe another person’s speech or story.
+ Type 1: Narrative sentence of the statement
Structure: S + say(s)/ said or tell/ told + (that) + S + V
Ex: She said, “I have seen that girl” → She said she had seen that girl.
+ Type 2: Declarative sentences in the form of questions
Sentence-type questions include 2 types: Yes/No question and Wh-Question
Yes/No Question: is a simple question form in English, usually starting with the verb TOBE or auxiliary verb
Structure: S + asked (+object) + if/ whether + subject + V
Ex: He said, “Do you like strawberry?” → He asked me if/whether I like strawberry.
Wh-Question This type of sentence starts with question words such as Who, When, What, etc.
Structure: S + asked (+Object) + What/ When/… + S + V
Ex: My mother said, ‘What time do you go to the bed?’ → My mother wants to know what time I go to the bed.
Note: The tense in the reported sentence is moved forward compared to the direct sentence