Unit 2, grade 12: Urbanisation-Speaking
1. Task 1 Unit 2 Grade 12 Speaking
Read a conversation between two friends about life in big cities. What features do they mention? Are they positive or negative? (Read a conversation between two friends about life in big cities. What aspects do they cover? Are they positive or negative?)
bright: Ha, I don’t know why so many people are moving from their home villages to big cities these days! They’ve become so overcrowded
Ha: Yeah, I agree. They’re really overpopulated. But lots of people still want to become city dwellers
bright: Well, I’m quite happy in my home village. It’s important that some people stay in rural areas and work in agriculture
Ha: But there are more employment opportunities in the city. Don’t you want to get a high-paid job in an office instead of working on parents’ farm? Your standard of living will be higher in the city
bright: I’m not sure; not everyone is lucky. Big cities flooded with people from rural areas. Many of them are jobless and have to live in slums rather live in my village
Ha: You’re right. It’s essential that the govern should build big cities and upgrade the infrastructure in rural areas
Guide to answer
– Positive features (Positive)
- There are more employment opportunities (There are many job opportunities)
- People have chances to get high-paying jobs (Everybody has the opportunity to get a chance to get a high paying job)
- People’s standard of living is higher (People’s standard of living is higher)
– Negative features (Negative)
- Big cities are overcrowded and overpopulated (The big city is too crowded)
- Many people are jobless/ unemployed (Many unemployed)
- Some people live in slums (Some people live in the slums)
bright: Ha, I don’t know why today so many people move from the countryside to the big cities! They have become overloaded
River: Right. They are really overloaded. But many people still want to be city dwellers
bright: Yes, I am very happy in my home village. It is important that many people stay in rural areas and work in agriculture
River: But there are more job opportunities in the city. Don’t you want a well-paying job in the office instead of working in your parents’ field? Your standard of living will be higher in the city
bright: I’m not so sure, not everyone is so lucky. Big cities too many people in rural areas. Many of them have no jobs and have to live in the slums instead of living in my village
River: You’re right. It is crucial that the government should build the big city and upgrade the infrastructure in the countryside
2. Task 2 Unit 2 Grade 12 Speaking
Work in pairs. Look at these features of life. Decide whether they are positive (P) or negative (N). Can you think of other features? (Work in pairs. Look at aspects of your life. Decide if they are positive (P) or negative (N). Can you think of other aspects?)
Guide to answer
3. Task 3 Unit 2 Grade 12 Speaking
Work in groups. Discuss the positive negative features of city life and decide if want to live in an urban or rural area. What your reasons? Present your group’s decision to the whole class, using the ideas given bel or your own ideas (Work in a group. Discuss the positives and negatives of city life and decide whether you want to live in an urban or rural area. What are your reasons? Present your group’s decision to as a class, use the ideas given below or your own.)
Reasons for living in a big city (Reason for living in a big city)
- more employment/job opportunities (Many jobs/job opportunities)
- chances to get high-paying jobs (Opportunity to get a high paying job)
- higher living standards (Higher standard of living)
- efficient services (Effective service)
- sports facilities (Sports facilities)
- better schools… (Better schools…)
Reasons for going back to live in rural areas (Reason for going back to living in a rural area)
- cheaper cost of living in rural areas (The cost of living in the countryside is cheaper)
- friendly and helpful people (Friendly and helpful people)
- little or no pollution (Less or no pollution)
- low crime rate (Low crime rate)
Guide to answer
All members of our group think that rural life is better than urban life. We all agree that the cost of living is much cheaper in rural areas. People are also more friendly and helpful. We can live in an environment with little or no pollution. In addition, the crime rate is fairly low compared to the city. The only problem is that people have little access to modern facilities and technology. It is important that the government invest more in rural areas so that people there can have the same opportunities as people in the cities
(All of our team members think that life in the countryside is preferable to life in the city. We all agree that the cost of living is cheaper in a rural area. People are also friendlier and kinder. We can live in an environment with little or no pollution. Also, the crime rate is quite low compared to the city. The only problem is that people have little access to modern facilities and technology. It is important that the government invests more in the countryside so that people there can have the same opportunities as people in the city.)
4. Practice Task 1
Circle the correct option (A, B, C or D) to complete each of the following dialogues (Choose options A, B, C or D to complete each of the following dialogues)
Question 1: Do you fancy going to the zoo?
A. I love playing sports.
REMOVE. Me too!
OLD. Yeah! Sounds good!
EASY. Really? I’m not that keen on watching animals.
Question 2: Are there any apartments to rent in the city center?
A. Well, I’ve got it.
REMOVE. Yes, but they are expensive.
OLD. Nice. There are some shops nearby.
EASY. That’s fine. I will take it.
5. Practice Task 2
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks Read the following passage and choose A, B, C or D to choose the correct words or phrases to fill in the blanks.
In order to prove that they don’t (first) _______the housing problems, governments should encourage property owners to rent out the properties to those without house. Print return, (2) ________ can be given to owners in forms of tax relief or subsidies. (3) __________ this is not a complete answer to the problem, it ought to be considered.
OLD. For example
EASY. Even if
At the end of the new Unit 2 English Grade 12 – Speaking lesson, students need to understand the positive and negative aspects of each region and clearly express their views on where it is more worth living.