Unit 9 grade 10: Preserving The Environment – Reading
1. Task 1 Unit 9 grade 10 Reading
What do you think the environmental impact in each photo is? Read the text quickly and check your answers. (What effect do you think affects the environment in each picture? Read the passage quickly and check the questions.)
Guide to answer
1. noise pollution (noise pollution)
2. water pollution (pollution water)
3. air pollution (air pollution)
4. soil pollution (soil pollution)
2. Task 2 Unit 9 grade 10 Reading
Quickly read the text and select the best title. (Read the text quickly and choose the best title.)
Environmental pollution is one of the impacts of human activities on the earth: It is also one of the biggest problems of the world today. Environmental pollution is the cause of several diseases that most people are unaware of. There are four types of pollution: air pollution, land pollution, water pollution, and noise pollution.
Most air pollution comes from the burning of fossil fuels, from vehicles, factories, airplanes and rockets. This can cause acid rain which damages water, soil and plants. Air pollution also causes the greenhouse effect which leads to global warming, polar ice melt, sea level rise and land shortage.
Soil pollution is the result of dumping plastics or other inorganic waste on the ground and excessive use of chemical fertilizers in agriculture. The long-term effects of soil pollution are contaminated vegetation and reduced soil fertility.
Water pollution is the result of dumping pollutants such as detergents, pesticides, oils and other chemicals into the river, which makes the water source dirty or polluted. The blockage of garbage in the river can also cause pollution. The effects of water pollution include destruction of river and lake ecosystems and pollution of groundwater, surface water and seawater.
Noise pollution is caused by loud and unpleasant sounds of vehicles, railroads, airplanes and jet engines, machinery, factories and musical instruments. It can cause stress and psychological and health problems for people such as increased rates of heart disease and damage to hearing.
Environmental pollution is becoming an increasingly serious problem or threat that needs attention as soon as possible not only for environmental purposes, but also for the people living in it.
a. Natural Resource Depletion (natural resources are exhausted)
b. The Long-term Damage of Soil (destroy the land)
c. Environmental Pollution (environmental pollution)
d. The Destruction of Ecosystem (destroy the ecosystem)
Guide to answer
c. Environmental Pollution
3. Task 3 Unit 9 grade 10 Reading
Match each highlighted word in the text with its definition below. (Match the word marked in the text with the correct definition below.)
Guide to answer
1. ecosystem: a complex complex of relationships among the resources, habitats and habitats of an area. It includes trees, animals, fish, birds…
2. Pesticides: chemicals used to kill insects
3. inorganic: not related to animals, plants
4. plants: plants in general
5. fertilizer: fertilizer or substance that helps plants grow
6. pollutants: things that make the air, water and soil dirty and polluted
4. Task 4 Unit 9 Grade 10 Reading
Are the sentences true (T) or false (F)? Correct the false sentences. (Are these statements true (T) or false (F)? Correct them.)
Guide to answer
1-F. Environmental pollution results from natural disasters. (Environmental pollution is caused by natural disasters.)
2-F. The greenhouse effect is a result of water pollution.(The greenhouse effect is the result of water pollution.)
3 T. Using a lot of fertilizers can reduce soil fertility. (Using a lot of fertilizer can reduce the fertility of the soil.)
4-T. Water pollutants are things such as detergents, pesticides, oil, other chemicals and garbage blockages in rivers that make water contaminated. (Water contaminants are things like detergents, pesticides, oils, other chemicals and river clogging that make the water polluted.)
5-T. Noise pollution can increase heart rate and damage hearing. (Noise pollution can increase heart disease and damage hearing.)
6-T. Environmental pollution needs to be taken care for the sake of the environment and the people that live in it. (Environmental pollution should be taken care of for the purpose of the environment and the people living in it.)
5. Task 5 Unit 9 Grade 10 Reading
Work in groups. Discuss the types of pollution in your neighborhood and their consequences. (Work in groups. Discuss the types of pollution in the area and their results.)
Guide to answer
There is soil pollution in my neighbourhood. People throw much garbage on the ground, which makes the soil contaminated. This also creates/causes the decrease of soil fertility and the production of rice is getting more and more difficult. Besides, water pollution is also a big problem. People throw garbage into the rivers and lakes, factories nearby release waste water including poisonous chemicals. Water pollution results in some dead disease like cancer or food poisoning. Fresh water becomes rare and more expensive so some low-income families can’t afford it.
My village has soil pollution. People throw a lot of garbage on the ground, making the soil polluted. This also reduces the fertility of the soil and makes rice production more difficult. Besides, water pollution is also a big problem. People throw garbage into rivers and lakes, factories discharge wastewater containing many toxic chemicals. Water pollution has caused many deadly diseases such as cancer or food poisoning. Clean water has become rarer and more expensive so some low-income households cannot afford it.
6. Practice Task 1
Choose the letter A, B, C or D to answer these following questions
Nature gave us all necessary resources to live and prosper. Now it is in danger and needs our help. What else can we do to protect the environment? First of all this decisions must be made on Government level and provide legal limitations for industries that emit a lot of greenhouse gases. We must unite together in order to protect the place we live in. People are an integral part of nature, we are dependent of it as we cannot imagine our life without nature. So why to destroy environment and bite the hand that feeds you? We must stop deforestation and plant trees on cut down areas. Trees are natural filter of air that absorb carbon dioxide and produce oxygen. Cutting down trees we depriving animals of their natural environment and the soil begin to grow in erosion. Planting trees will save birds and other animals.
We often make forced choices that are advertised on TV. Manufacturers try to rise their profits and sell more products. Sometimes we have so many unnecessary things we do not use. Imagine that you are moving your house, what are the necessary items you may need to live, only several bags. In reality the matter is opposite. There are a lot of things we do not use. People have to reconsider their views of life and promote healthy and ecologically friendly lifestyle. It is up to us to change situation for better and leave good legacy for generations to come.
Question 1: What is in danger and need our help?
A. people B. water C. nature D. weather
Question 2: Are we dependent on nature?
A. Yes we are B. No, we’re not
Question 3: Why should we plant trees?
A. To save animals B. To sell woods C. To deforest D. To prevent flood
Question 4: What do the writer take moving house as an example for?
A. We move house so many times.
B. We have so many unnecessary things we do not use.
C. We waste money so much.
D. We use all the thing that we buy.
Question 5: What do people have to reconsider?
A. their views of life
B. promote healthy lifestyle.
C. promote ecologically friendly lifestyle.
D. all are correct
7. Practice Task 2
Choose the letter A, B, C or D to complete the passage below
Sometimes people forget how we depend __________ (6) nature and environment surrounding us. We spend mindlessly __________ (7) resources given by nature and believe that they are unlimited. Over the last millennia the population on the planet has grown immensely and our needs increase with every year. We achieved great breakthrough in industry __________ (8) other fields of production. But this growth in poor environmental conditions. It seems that every achievement and advancement only __________ (9) damage to nature.
We __________ (10) natural resources thoughtlessly for many years. Once we exhausted one resource we started to use up another alternative. Have you ever thought what our life will be when coal and oil will come to the end? Plug-in hybrid vehicles are good solutions for the fuel crisis to come.
Question 6: A. in B. on C. for D. with
Question 7: A. the B. a C. x D. an
Question 8: A. so B. but C. and D. or
Question 9: A. make B. have C. get D. do
Question 10: A. use B. used C. are using D. have been using
To learn more vocabulary and practice reading comprehension skills with the topic “Preserving The Environment“, please come to the practice part Unit 9 Reading test The following new English 10.
Through this lesson, you need to read the article, complete the exercises and memorize the following vocabulary:
- ecosystem: ecosystem
- pesticides: pesticides
- intangible: inorganic
- vegetation: vegetation
- fertilizer: fertilizer
- pollutants: pollutant