Unit 6, grade 10: Gender Equality – Reading
Gender equality in employment (Gender equality in employment)
1. Task 1 Unit 6 Grade 10 Reading
Look at the symbols. What do they stand for? (Look at the symbols. What do they stand for?)
Guide to answer
They are the symbols of genders, gender equality and gender discrimination.
(They are symbols of gender, gender equality, and sexism.)
2. Task 2 Unit 6 Grade 10 Reading
Match each of the words with its meaning. Use a dictionary if necessary. (Match each word with its meaning. Use a dictionary if necessary.)
Guide to answer
2 – e
3 – d
4 – b
5 – a
1. preferences, preferences, interests
a. the act of controlling something, a restriction
b. feeling sad and lonely
c. a greater interest in someone/something than someone/something else
d. to follow a course or endeavor in an activity to achieve something
e. bring someone to court because they did something that harmed you
3. Task 3 Unit 6 Grade 10 Reading
Quickly read the text. Choose the best title for it. (Read the passage quickly. Choose the best title for it.)
a. Brenda Berkman’s Childhood (Brenda Berkman’s childhood)
b. A Woman Who Did a ‘Man’s Job’ (Women do men’s work)
c. Gender Equality in Employment (Gender equality in recruitment)
As a young girl, Brenda Berkman always dreamed of becoming a firefighter, although she was aware of gender preference in favor of boys. In 1977, she applied for a firefighter’s position at the New York City Fire Department (FDNY).
Even though she was a marathon runner, she failed the physical test. But Brenda didn’t give up. She sued New York City and the FDNY for gender discrimination and won. A new ‘fairer’ test was created, so she and 40 other women passed. Brenda’s dream of becoming a firefighter came true.
However, she and other female firefighters became the targets of laughter and anger from the co-workers and local people. They were unwelcome at meals, faced loneliness and even violence.
There weren’t any limitations on women’s service at FDNY. The women firefighters had to do exactly the same jobs as their male workers. To pursue a ‘man’s job’ Brenda Berkman and other women had to work very hard. They paid a heavy price to win equality. They were successful and even became the subjects of a documentary called Taking the Heat in 2006.
Brenda Berkman’s story shows that gender differences cannot prevent a person from pursuing a job. Success comes to those who have enough courage and will.
Guide to answer
b. A woman who did a “Man’s job”
Women do men’s work
As a young girl, Brenda Berkman had always dreamed of becoming a firefighter, even though she was aware of gender preference for men. In 1977, she applied for a job as a firefighter with the New York City Fire Department (FDNY).
Although she is a marathon runner, she failed the fitness test. But Brenda didn’t give up. She sued New York City and FDNY for sexism and won. A fairer test was created, so she and the 40-year-old woman passed. Brenda’s dream of becoming a firefighter came true.
However, she and other female firefighters became the target of laughter and anger from colleagues and locals. They are not welcomed at meals, face loneliness and even violence.
There are no restrictions on female services in FDNY. Female firefighters have to do the same jobs as their male counterparts. To pursue the work Brenda men and other women had to work very hard. They paid a high price to get justice. They were so successful, she even became the subject of a documentary called: Taking the Heat in 2006.
Brenda Berkman’s story shows that being different doesn’t stop someone from pursuing a job. Success comes to those who have enough courage and will.
4. Task 4 Unit 6 Grade 10 Reading
Read the statements. Decide if they are true (T), false (F) or not given (NG). Tick the correct boxes. (Read the sentences. Decide whether they are true (T), false (F) or not mentioned (NG.) Check the box.)
Guide to answer
1.F 2.NG 3.F 4.T 5.T 6.F
1. Brenda Berkman was never aware of Male Preferentiality.
2. Brenda Berkman passed the written test.
3. After failing the fitness test, Brenda Berkman kept quiet and left.
4. She and other female firefighters became the target of laughter and laughter from her colleagues and locals.
5. They paid a heavy price for justice.
6. Brenda Berkman taught at FDNY.
5. Task 5 Unit 6 Grade 10 Reading
Read the text again. Answer the questions. (Read the text again. Answer the following questions.)
first. What job did Brenda Berkman want to do as a young girl?
(When she was young, what job did Brenda Berkman want to be?)
2. What did she do after she failed the physical test?
(What did she do after failing the physical exam?)
3. How were she and other female firefighters treated?
(How were you and other women treated?)
4. What jobs did they do at FDNY?
(What did they do at FDNY?)
5. What is Taking the Heat?
(What is Taking the Heat?)
6. What does Brenda Berkman’s story show?
(What does Brenda Berkman’s story reveal?)
Guide to answer
1. She dreamt of becoming a firefighter
(She dreams of becoming a firefighter)
2. She sued New York City and the FDNY gender discrimination and won.
(She sued New York City and the FDNY for sexism and won.)
3. They became the targets of laughter and anger from the co-worker and local people. They were unwelcome at meals, faced loneliness and even violence.
(They became the target of ridicule and anger of their colleagues and citizens. They did not welcome at meals and face loneliness and even violence)
4. They had to do exactly the same jobs as all other male firefighters.
(They have to do exactly the same jobs as their male counterparts.)
5. It is a documentary made in 2006 in which Brenda Berkman and other female firefighters were the subjects.
(It is a 2006 documentary film in which Brenda Berkman and the other female Firefighters are the subject.)
6. It shows that gender differences can not prevent a person from pursuing a job.
(Brenda Berkman’s story shows that gender differences don’t stop people from pursuing a career.)
6. Task 6 Unit 6 Grade 10 Reading
Discuss the following with a partner. (Discuss the following sentences with your neighbor.)
Should a woman do a ‘man’s job’? Why/Why not? (Should a woman do a man’s job? Why yes? Why not?)
Guide to answer
=> I think that women should do man’s work to express the power and the equality in employment. (I think that women should do the work of men to show strength and fairness at work.)
7. Practice Task 1
Read the passage below and decide whether the statements are TRUE or FALSE?
Gender equality is not only a fundamental human right, but a necessary foundation for a peaceful, prosperous and sustainable world. Unfortunately, at the current time, 1 in 5 women and girls between the ages of 15-49 have reported experiencing physical or sexual violence by an intimate partner within a 12-month period and 49 countries currently have no laws protecting women from domestic violence. Progress is concerning harmful practices such as child marriage and FGM (Female Genital Mutilation), which has declined by 30% in the past decade, but there is still much work to be done to complete eliminating such practices.
Providing women and girls with equal access to education, health care, decent work, and representation in political and economic decision-making processes will fuel sustainable economies and benefit societies and humanity at large. Implementing new legal frameworks regarding female in the workplace and the eradication of harmful practices targeted at women equality is crucial to ending the gender-based discrimination prevalent in many countries around the world.
Question 1: Gender equality is a necessary foundation for a peaceful, prosperous and sustainable world.
Question 2: One in five girl or women put up with domestic violence within one-year period.
Question 3: Child marriage is not a consequence of domestic violence.
Question 4: It’s essential to provide women and girls with equal access to social issues.
Question 5: New legal framework regarding female equality is important.
8. Practice Task 2
Choose the letter A, B, C or D to complete the passage below
When people think of domestic abuse, they often focus __________ (6) domestic violence. But domestic abuse includes any attempt by one person in __________ (7) intimate relationship or marriage to dominate and control the other. Domestic violence and abuse are used for one purpose and one purpose only: __________ (8) and maintain total control over you. An abuser doesn’t “play fair.” Abusers use fear, guilt, shame, and intimidation to wear you down and keep you under __________ (9) thumb.
__________ (10) violence and abuse can happen to anyone; it does not discriminate. Abuse happens within heterosexual relationships and in same-sex partnerships. It __________ (11) within all age ranges, ethnic backgrounds, and economic levels. And __________ (12) women are more often victimized, men also experience abuse—especially verbal and emotional. The bottom line is that abusive behavior is never __________ (13), whether from a man, woman, teenager, or an older adult. You deserve to feel valued, respected, and safe.
Domestic abuse often escalates __________ (14) threats and verbal assault to violence. And while physical injury may pose the most obvious danger, the emotional and psychological consequences of domestic abuse are also severe. Emotionally abusive relationships can destroy your self-worth, __________ (15) to anxiety and depression, and make you feel helpless and alone. No one should have to endure this kind of pain—and your first step to breaking free is recognize that your relationship is abusive.
Question 6: A. in B. on C. at D. for
Question 7: A. a B. an C. the D. x
Question 8: A. to gain B. gain C. gain D. gain
Question 9: A. your B. his C. her D. their
Question 10: A. Domestic B. Effective C. Intimidate D. Local
Question 11: A. occur B. occur C. occur D. occur
Question 12: A. when B. what C. while D. that
Question 13: A. accept B. acceptable C. not D. accept
Question 14: A. from B. on C. with D. at
Question 15: A. cause B. result C. come D. lead
To practice reading skills and understand details about the topic “Gender Equality“, invite you to part Unit 6 Reading test The following new English 10 and practice together.
Through this lesson, you need to read the article, complete the exercises and memorize the following vocabulary:
- sue /suː/ (v): sue
- pursue/pəˈsjuː/ (v): to pursue
- loneliness /ˈləʊnlinəs/ (n): loneliness
- limitation/ˌlɪmɪˈteɪʃn/ (n): to limit, to limit
- opportunity/ˌɒpəˈtjuːnəti/ (n):opportunity
- equality /iˈkwɒləti/(n):equal, equal
- gender /ˈdʒendə(r)/ (n): gender, gender